February 26, 2014

King Jayavarman II is a great Khmer leader in 802

Posted by:  | Posted on: February 25, 2014
Jayavarman II 


One of the greatest political leaders in Cambodia history is King Jayavarman II (802-835).  Archaeology scholars agreed that King Jayavarman II was abducted by Java or Sailendra Kingdom (present Indonesia+Malaysia) during their occupation in Cambodia. During that time, the weakness was caused by the dividing of lower Chenla and upper Chenla, and during this conflict, Sailenda King probably attacked, controlled and evacuated all Cambodian monarchy clans to their country. However, when he grew up, King Jayavarman II is believed to sneak into his motherland to lead a struggle to claim back this territory, re-build infrastructure and establish political institution.
20131230_195927
INDEPENDENCE
While the Kingdom was in crisis, King Jayavarman II was not only challenging with the foreign occupation, Sailendra, but his majesty also faced with many dividing fractions throughout the Kingdom. There were many echelons falsified their kingship or claimed to be supreme leaders in different locations. Seeing this, the young prince whose kingship is inherited from previous dynasties anchored his leadership in Indrapura. George Coedes wrote that Indrapura is present Thbong Khmum of Kompong Cham (or Thbong Khmum province as single party parliament of Cambodia recently ratified it). In that place, there were many clergies and Brahmans recognized his kingship and his leadership crusading for independence and national unity.
King Jayavarman II is considered the first prince who set up journey throughout Cambodia to propagate his leadership of unity and independence (great Chinese leader Mao was also making the longest trip throughout China to call for unification for the complete establishment of communism).


Sdok Kok Thom inscription that provides detail on the leadership of the King Jayavarman II and the lineages of all Khmer20131229_183704Kings during pre-Angkorean and Angkorean period, described that King Jayavarman II, under the scholarship advisory of Sivakaivalya, departed from Indrapura with his family members, army and educators to head towards Tonle Sab Lake, with the intention of advocating for national solidarity, site searching for strategic areas to build capital city and to universally proclaim suzerainty from Java. Then, his majesty stopped by at Bhavapura; he established Hariharalaya, Amarendrapura and Mahendraparvata or Phnom Kulen eventually.
At Phnom Kulen, Rong Chen temple as evidence, the King proclaimed sovereignty independence from Java completely with the installation of independent symbol of Siva Linga named “Devaraja” or “God-King” or “Maharaja” or “Chakravatin” or “Universal Monarch”.
ESTABLISHING EFFECTIVE POLITICAL INSTITUTION
Part of socio-political policy, the King created the effective political institution named “Devaraja”. This style of political leadership was part of the effort to combine between Khmer leadership with the Indian cult of governance. Sivakaivalya who was comprehensive in value, norm, attitude and behavior of Cambodian people invited Indian Brahman named Hiranyadhamma to conduct a ritual according to the sacred of Vinasikha and established the Lord of the Universe or Devaraja. Further to the existing of Khmer leadership, Brahman Hiranyadhamma also taught the King and his political councils the knowledge of the Vinasikha, the Nayottara, the Sammoha, and the Siraccheda.
20131229_182906The creation of this political institution is the masterpiece of paving strong foundation for Cambodia of its uncontested advancement in centuries later. The institution itself doesn’t solely articulate the personal supremacy as many researchers have said about “Devaraja”, of course, the cult is to institutionalize the righteousness or the Dhamma or the rule of law which is the constitution of the nation. As the King Jayavarman II passed away after his reign of 48 years, the principles of this establishment have been implemented by the successor Kings continuously.
ECONOMICS
The leadership of King Jayavarman II mainly concentrated on agriculture and fishing. His intention to move from Thbong Khmum to Siem Reap is significantly to look for fertile land to grow rice as well as to catch fish from this rich fresh water Tonle Sab Lake.
Many young generations of monarch inherited from King Jayavarman II never gave up this place. Nowadays, the lands surrounding Rolous and Angkor area are still greenery of rice stalk and rich natural resources.
EDUCATION AND HEALTH CARE
The study of different levels of leadership from those scriptures had passed from generations to generations. The new coming leaders such as Yasovarman, Suriyavarman VI, Suriyavarman II and Jayavarman VII etc. has followed this knowledge of leadership and developed it respectively.
Installing the sacred Linga on the top of Phnom Kulen was revered by all Khmer leaders and people in late centuries. The waterfall pumped up from the top of this mountain run through different villages and thousand hectares of rice paddy. People used this water to drink and to cure diseases.
Many small states who were under suzerainty of this great kingdom was said to be able to receive only one bamboo jar of20131230_202605water from this river during each state visit.
CONCLUSION
It is invaluable for all Cambodian leaders to look back to the past on how those ancient Khmer leaders can build this great empire? Sometime their works started from scratch, sometime their works started from internal division, sometime their works started from foreign invasion etc. Their political leadership is to put national interest first, not their personal family or clan first. King Jayavarman II projected his political leadership for long term survival of Cambodia. Put aside the greatness of Khmer leaders during the Angkor Empire, King Ang Duong initiated his political leadership in the same manner of that King Jayavarman II and his successor such as King Sisowat facilitated diligent leadership to remain Cambodia existence from Siam and Dai Viet until nowadays.
All Cambodian leaders must recite one stanza that “life is sooner perished but nation is eternalized. If one has failed their leadership to protect the interest of the nation, the bad consequence will fall up on them eternally”.  

9 comments:

Anonymous said...

King Jayavaraman 2 was the greatest Khmer leader. He was a great conqueror and unifier. He returned from Java prison as a free true Khmer prince, he conquered many small nations then created the Khmer Empire last for about 600 years. His empire was powerful and very wealthy nation. He worshiped God the creator. Until ah lop lop called Jayavaraman 7 came in, he brought a new religion called Buddhism then the Khmer empire becane weaker and weaker and finally collapsed.
Because of million lazy men flocking to be monks
left economy at risk, no money paid the soldier no money to keep the defense military to protect the nation. Ah lop lop Jayavaraman 7 stayed silent when Thais infiltrated in the western region of the Khmer empire.

Ah lop lop Jayavaraman 7 and his evil Buddhist followers will be thrown in hell fire for destroying the Khmer empire and nation.
Lie and Lie and even made ah lop lop Jayavaraman 7 as the geat king?

Where is their Buddha these evil Buddhists worshiping? An ex monk in Mayanmar died and about to be creamated came back to life and described Hell then Heaven he was taken to see.
He saw too many in hell fire and Buddha is in hell,
He did not believe God, and his doctrine destroyed everythings.

Anonymous said...

The Almighty GOD sent His faithful servant Jayavaraman II to build a powerful very rich Khmer Empire for Khmer people, but Khmers became arrogant and wicked then later tempted by Satan. Jayavaraman VII kicked GOD out and he brought in Satanic Buddhism. Buddhist Monks are satanists. The greatest King Jayavaraman II cursed Khmer Buddhists.
GOD built Khmer nation so HE took it away. Sooner Yuon population will become majority.

Anonymous said...

Awesome, finally the truth comes out. I see
NO Buddhists come to applaud the true greatest Khmer Leader, King Jayavaraman II.
Called that Jayavaraman VII ah lop lop is not enough, he was the traitor and the evil of all Khmer evil Buddhists until today.
Khmer Buddhists elevated him their greatest King, no wonder they are Cursed.

Anonymous said...

Yes I see no Khmer Buddhists acknowledging this King, King Jay 2 as the greatest Khmer King.
The King made himself know through foreign historian, because Khmer Buddhists betrayed and destroyed his empire, and so they shy away.

vwp said...
This comment has been removed by the author.
vwp said...

If you are a Khmer brother please do not deride the honorable, noble, and venerable leaders of our nation. Just because Jayv 2 was great it does not mean Jayv 7 was not great. These leaders made our nation happy. Have you contributed to the well being of our nation, ran a government, and obtained a high cultured education? Hence high culture is knowledge - granted to anyone regardless of what type of true and divine creed they practice.

The Buddha taught anyone including kings and queens. He did not demand the rulers to rid themselves of their war armies. He did not tell elephants that they do not need their violent tusks.

Neither was our great Buddha absurd or 'evil.' He did not force anyone to accept His teachings. As a true teacher, Buddha tells us to be responsible for our own actions and to choose what we think is good for us.

Overall, if you know Buddha's teaching and know what right speech, action, and conduct is; the constitution agrees with you. If you know Pream Sasna and know the mode of goodness, passion, and ignorance; the universe appreciates it. Only those who do not know what religion is fight over religion.

The only people going to hell are the devils. The devils are the ones always attacking the person but never the issue.

Unknown said...

from the story behind the story it was told that the jayavarman2 was a part of java king bloodline by means that he god-king(deva raja) concept is to bring the new part of the reign of the new ki gdom is it right. And by declare to separate their kingdom from srivijaya legacy by means they want to rule the kingdom by himself and doesnt want they kindom under the srivijaya reign because of family businessis it right.

Anonymous said...

Does anyone know how jayavarman ii died????

Anonymous said...

Please I need to know. And I can't find anything on the internet that will tell me